A humble Irish wasp has saved New Zealand almost half a billion dollars, AgResearch estimates.
The estimates also show that the benefits of the introduction of the wasp by AgResearch to control the highly destructive clover root weevil are expected to continue at an ongoing rate of at least $158 million a year.
The total benefit of the biological control programme from 2006 – when the imported wasp was first released in an experimental phase – through to this year is estimated at at least $489m. This is based on reduced production losses on sheep and beef farms, and reduced use of urea fertiliser to compensate for damage from the weevil.
“It’s a fantastic example of how our science is making a real and profound difference to our agricultural sector and economy,” says AgResearch Science Team Leader Alison Popay.
“It’s also a real success story in the continuing battle against pests on New Zealand’s farms.”
The clover root weevil, an invasive pest from the northern hemisphere which feeds on clover, was first detected in New Zealand in 1996. A 2005 study estimated that without control it could cut farm margins by 10 to 15 per cent.
AgResearch started a research and development programme in 1996, and after testing to ensure its safety, the Irish wasp was cleared for release in New Zealand in 2005. It spread around the country with releases by AgResearch, and as wasps were provided to farmers.
The programme research and development costs have been about $8.2 million.
The wasp injects its eggs in the adult root weevil, and the resulting grubs inside the weevil render it infertile. Once fully grown, the grub kills the weevil as it eats its way out. One wasp can kill about 85 clover root weevils.
“The wasp was so successful the team found that it reduced weevil populations by around 90 per cent in monitored areas where the wasp is well established,” Dr Popay says.
The control programme has been supported by DairyNZ, Beef + Lamb New Zealand, Federated Farmers, the Clover Root Weevil Action group, the New Zealand Landcare Trust and fertiliser companies.